# Seminar Algebraische Geometrie

**Winter Semester 2019/2020**

**Unless otherwise specified talks take place in room 119 (Arnimallee 3) at 16:15**

**Schedule**

**17.10.2019 **

**Luis Sola Conde (Trento)**

**Characterizing rational homogeneous varieties.Abstract: I**n this talk we will discuss possible characterizations of homogeneity within the framework of Fano varieties. More concretely, we will first examine the relation among the homogeneity of a Fano variety, and the positivity of its tangent bundle. In the second part of the talk, we will consider fiber bundles on rational homogeneous varieties, and study how uniformity could imply homogeneity in this setting.

24.10.2019

**Andrzej Weber (Warschau)**

**Elliptic characteristic classes of Schubert varieties and Hecke-type algebra**

We consider the homogeneous spaces G/P, where G is a complex reductive group, and P its a parabolic subgroup. We study characteristic classes of Schubert varieties in cohomology or K theory. The elliptic classes defined by Borisov and Libgober are of special interest. To compute them we need to understand the canonical divisors of Schubert varieties. This can be obtained by analysis of Bott-Samelson resolutions. As the output we obtain inductive formulas extending the classical results of Demazure, Beilinson-Gelfan-Gelfand, Lusztig and Lascoux-Schutzenberger.

This is a joint work with Shrawan Kumar and Richard Rimanyi.

**31.10.2019 **

**Eleonora Romano (Warschau)**

**Torus actions on projective manifolds: Combinatorics vs Birational Geometry**

**Abstract:** In this talk we focus on one-dimensional torus actions on complex smooth projective varieties of arbitrary dimension. On one hand, we introduce some combinatorics tools which we need in our situation, on the other hand we discuss how Birational Geometry takes his role. In particular, we review the classical adjunction theory from a new perspective given by the torus acting. Moreover we see how this new approach allows to get some classification results for special varieties called of "small bandwidth". As an application of our results, we will conclude by putting them in the context of the classification of contact Fano varieties of high dimension. This talk is a joint work with J. Wisniewski, and includes a work in progress with G. Occhetta, L. Sola' Conde and J. Wisniewski.

**14.11.2019**

**Simon Telen (KU Leuven, Belgium/TU-Berlin)**

**Numerical Root Finding via Cox Rings**

**Abstract:** In this talk, we consider the problem of solving a system of (sparse) Laurent polynomial equations defining finitely many nonsingular points in a compact toric variety. The Cox ring of this toric variety is a generalization of the homogeneous coordinate ring of projective space. We work with multiplication maps in graded pieces of this ring to generalize the eigenvalue, eigenvector theorem for root finding in affine space. We present a numerical linear algebra algorithm for computing the corresponding matrices, and from these matrices a set of homogeneous coordinates of the roots of the system. Several numerical experiments show the effectiveness of the resulting method, especially for solving (nearly) degenerate, high degree systems in small numbers of variables.

**21.11.2019**

**Ilya Smirnov (Stockholm)**

**Lech's inequality and its combinatorics. **

**Abstract:** Multiplicity and colength are two most basic invariants of an m-primary ideal of a local ring. These two invariants can differ drastically, but in 1960 Lech found that the ratio multiplicity(I)/colength(I) is bounded uniformly by the multiplicity of the ring.

If dimension is not two, this inequality is never sharp. In a joint work with Craig Huneke and Javid Validashti, we conjectured an improvement and made a certain progress.

In my talk, I will discuss these results and will give all necessary background details. I will focus on an existing connection with enumerative combinatorics and will give a combinatorial proof of Lech's inequality and explain a combinatorial form of our conjecture.

**Wednesday!!! 04.12.2019**

**Olivier Benoist (Paris)**

**Rational curves in real rationally connected varieties.**

Abstract: Can one approximate a loop drawn in the real locus of a real rationally connected variety by the real locus of a rational curve lying on it? We will give a positive answer in particular cases, including cubic hypersurfaces, intersections of two quadrics, and compactifications of homogeneous spaces. This is joint work with Olivier Wittenberg.

**23.01.2020**

**Alessio Corti (London)**

**Smoothing Gorenstein toric affine 3-folds: some Conjectures**

**Abstract.** I present a conjectural description of the smoothing components of the deformation space. I discuss context, evidence, and relation to mirror symmetry. Work with Matej Filip and Andrea Petracci.

**30.01.2020**

**No talk: NoGaGS in Hannover**

**06.02.2020**

**Irem Portakal (Magdeburg)**

**Combinatorial aspects of Kazhdan-Lusztig varieties**

**Abstract:** In this talk, we present a combinatorial introduction to Kazhdan-Lusztig (KL) varieties in terms of Rothe diagrams. This enables us to understand the so-called usual torus action on them in terms of simple directed graphs. Moreover there is a one-to-one correspondence between KL varieties and the affine neighborhoods of torus fixed points in the Schubert variety in the full flag variety. We utilize existing results about the usual torus action on the Schubert variety in order to determine the complexity of the torus action on KL varieties. This is joint work with Donten-Bury and Escobar.

**13.02.2020**

**Roser Homs Pons (Leipzig)**

**Computing minimal Gorenstein covers**

**Abstract:** We analyze and present an effective solution to the minimal Gorenstein cover problem: given a local Artin k-algebra A =k[[x_1,...,x_n]]/I, compute an Artin Gorenstein k-algebra G = > k[[x_1,...,x_n]]/J such that l(G)−l(A) is minimal. We approach the problem by using Macaulay’s inverse systems and a modification of the integration method for inverse systems to compute Gorenstein covers. We propose new characterizations of the minimal Gorenstein cover and present a new algorithm for the effective computation of the variety of all minimal Gorenstein covers of A for low Gorenstein colength.

**Summer Semester 2019**

**Unless otherwise specified talks take place in room 119 (Arnimallee 3) at 16:15**

**Schedule**

**!! Tuesday, 23.04.2019 at 12: 15 in room 210 (Arnimallee 3) !!**

**Duco van Straten (Mainz)**

**Continuous algebraic geometry: exploring fractional dimension.**

**Abstract:** The concept of interpolation to a continuous variable is very old, and has turned out to be very useful, the Gamma-function being an example in case. In this talk I will report on joint work with V. Golyshev on projective spaces and Grassmanians of fractional dimension and the algebraic geometry related to it.

**02.05.2019**

**Jarek Wisniewski (Warsaw)**

**Combinatorics of C* action and varieties of small bandwidth.**

**Abstract:** Motivated by LeBrun-Salamon conjecture about quaternion-Kahler manifolds we study polarized pairs (X,L) with an action of C* on the complex manifold X such that its general orbit has small degree with respect to the ample line bundle L. For this purpose we describe adjunction morphism for (X,L) using combinatorics arising from the action of C*. In passing we get a reinterpretation of classical objects in projective and birational geometry like Severi varieties and special Cremona tranformations. I will report on a joint work with Romano and Ochetta, Sola Conde.

**16.05.2019 **

**Luca Battis tella (MPI, Bonn)**

**Reduced Gromov-Witten invariants and singularities of genus one**

**Abstract:** Classical enumerative geometry produced beautiful theorems such as: every smooth cubic surface contains exactly 27 lines. The subject has been reinvigorated since the introduction of the moduli space of stable maps, which, for example, allowed Kontsevich to solve a long-standing problem: the number of rational plane curves of degree d passing through 3d-1 general points. More generally, it made it possible to answer many questions on rational curves in projective complete intersections.

Dealing with curves of higher genus is more difficult, because the moduli spaces are not so well behaved. I will explain this with an example in genus one. We will then see two different approaches to the problem: a desingularisation of the moduli space, which led to the definition of reduced invariants, due to Li-Vakil-Zinger, and alternative compactifications obtained by Viscardi by allowing the source curve to acquire a singularity of genus one. For the quintic threefold, the two approaches are put in relation in joint work with Carocci and Manolache.

If time permits, I will discuss how log geometry - a far-fetching generalisation of toric geometry which is often useful to single out and improve the main component of moduli spaces - enters the picture, both by producing natural contractions to singular curves, and allowing us to study the relative problem, i.e. a count of curves tangent to a hyperplane section. This is joint work with Nabijou and Ranganathan, based on a ground-breaking paper of Ranganathan, Santos-Parker, and Wise.

**23.05.2019**

**Matej Filip (Mainz)**

**The versal deformation for toric varieties in special lattice degrees.**

**Abstract: **I will describe the versal deformation for non-solated Gorenstein toric varieties in the Gorenstein lattice degree.

**06.06.2019**

**Klaus Altmann (FU-Berlin)**

**Deformation of toric singularities by universal extensions of semigroups**

**Abstract:** We show how extensions of semigroups lead to deformations of toric singularities. On the level of semigroups, universal extensions exist, and they lead to versal deformations of the toric singularities in a prescribed multidegree. This is joint work with Alexandru Constantinescu (FUB) and Matej Filip (Mainz).

**20.06.2019**

**Christian Sevenheck (Chemnitz)**

**Hodge ideals for certain free divisors**

**Abstract:** In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the theory of mixed Hodge modules, mainly motivated by questions from birational geometry. In particular, Mustata and Popa have defined the so-called Hodge ideals, which describes to a certain extend to Hodge filtration on the complement of a singular divisor. In this talk, I will explain what Hodge ideals are and then discuss a particular case, namely that of certain free divisors, where quite explicit statements about the Hodge filtration can be made. This is joint work with Luis Narvaez Macarro (Sevilla) and Alberto Castaño Domínguez (Santiago de Compostella).

**Rekha Thomas (Seattle)**

**Toric slack ideals and psd-minimal polytopes**

**Abstract:** Slack ideals of polytopes are saturated determinantal ideals that encode all realizations of polytopes in the same combinatorial class. The simplest of these ideals are toric and it is an open question as to which polytopes give rise to toric slack ideals. However, we do know many special properties of polytopes with toric slack ideals and in this talk I will explain these results. They are related to both projectively unique polytopes and polytopes that admit the smallest possible lifts into psd cones, two rather unrelated concepts it seems. There are several open questions in this circle of ideas which I will mention.